Big 20: Movies
Twenty years ago movies were shot and edited on film, chemically and mechanically duplicated and sent to thousands of movie theaters. If you wanted to see a new movie you waited in line outside a movie theater. You might see it six months later on cable TV. A year later, you might get in your car and drive to a video store to rent a DVD. Maybe you were patient and would wait two years later for it to be on broadcast TV. Hollywood film studios had worked out a profitable production, distribution and exhibition system. Digital technology and the internet would disrupt it.
By the year 2000, you could go to the Netflix website, choose a movie and they would mail a DVD to your house. After you watched it, you mailed it back. No kidding.
Making the movies changed too. Digital special effects went from being a few minutes in a movie to the entire movie. An example would be Silicon Valley’s Pixar. In 1995, the movie Toy Story was made digitally but still distributed on film. By 1999, Toy Story 2 was digitally produced and distributed to theaters. By 2010, Toy Story 3 could be downloaded to your phone. Now, many people skip movie theaters and just watch at home or on their phones. Theaters survive by offering really loud sound systems or ridiculously large screens and selling expensive snacks (some things never change).
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